Today, the world has become far more stressful which has a significant impact on people’s wellness and health. These are more than a concept or a series of isolated events. Wellness is a lifestyle and a culture. The terms “wellness and health” themselves can seem vague and obscure and ultimately hard to define. In fact, there are as many definitions of “wellness” as there are organisations committed to its existence.
What does ‘wellness’ mean?
The University of California defines ‘wellness’ as the active process of developing an awareness of – as well as – making choices towards a healthy and fulfilling life. Wellness is about so much more than being free from illness. Wellness is a dynamic process of change in addition to growth.
In other to add to this definition, the World Health Organization says that the state of wellness refers to a state of comprehensive physical, mental as well as social well-being and not just the absence of disease or, alternatively, infirmity. Along the same lines, the National Wellness Institute says that ‘wellness’ is a conscious, self-directed and evolving process of achieving full potential.
This means that in order to attain a state of wellness, among others you need to be physically active and adopt good nutrition practices. This is where the personal trainer comes in as he or she can advise you on the correct exercises that you can do for your body type and what you need to be eating in order for you to be able to sustain this physical activity.
What is a personal trainer?
The dictionary definition of a ‘personal trainer’ is someone who works with a particular client – on an individual basis – on their fitness routine. Before they start working with the specific client, they will engage in a thorough planning process with the client to get to know the following information:
- What type of exercises work for the client,
- What the client’s current fitness levels are, and
- What client’s specific fitness goals are.
Based on this data, the personal trainer can develop a personal training routine for the particular client that will help them achieve what they want to.
After this has taken place, the personal trainer will start to train their client and help them to develop their wellness goals. What we propose by saying ‘train’ is that the personal trainer will instruct the client about how to perform the various exercises correctly.
In addition, he or she will scrutinise how the client performs the specific exercise as if the client does not perform the exercise correctly, the result will be that they will not get the intended benefit of the specific movement. We call this ‘evaluating a client’s form’. If the personal trainer feels that the client is not doing the exercise correctly, they will correct them.
What is nutrition?
The term ‘nutrition’ refers to how food affects the health of the body and, as a result, a person’s wellness. Food is vital to our ongoing health and wellness. This is because it provides key nutrients for survival, assists the body with functioning well and remaining healthy.
Food is consists of macronutrients including protein, carbohydrate and fats. These macronutrients not only offer calories to fuel the body but, in addition, give it energy and play specific roles in maintenance of health. Food also provides micronutrients (vitamins and minerals) and phytochemicals. These don’t provide calories but serve a variety of critical functions to ensure the body operates optimally.
Proper nutrition – in addition to the correct amount of physical activity – are key elements of good health as well as physical fitness. For everyone, the proper consumption of nutrients provides the most important benefit for making muscle gains as well as other important wellness gains.